Kinship Circle
2. required: animal disaster training
Kinship Circle does not endorse a particular organization, but does require animal disaster certification with at least one of the programs listed below. Each offers varied levels of training, with nationwide workshops and online certification.

3. required: first aid, cpr-aed
Kinship Circle responders must maintain current certification in CPR-AED from the Red Cross or American Heart Association. Animal first aid and CPR are highly recommended as well.


cpr steps for animals


In memory of Ethel, a life taken by a speeding car. A baby girl, forever incomplete. Born 7/30/10 - Killed 2/2/12

Ethel, you weren't supposed to end.
Come home to me
Beautiful girl with sunlit fur.
Brown eyes as wide as the earth,
And puppy kisses as soft as grass.

One and a half years old,
Forever unfinished.
Your breakfast bowl waits untouched…
since you last ate.
I love you most. Always…
  1. a. Do not remove water from lungs if drowning. Water doesn’t obstruct CPR. Removal may damage.
    b. Try Heimlich Maneuver when all else has failed.

  2. If animal obviously choking, do Heimlich Maneuver.

  3. Otherwise, check if breathing. Even if unconscious, check for shallow breathing. If yes go no further.

  4. Straighten neckonly if no trauma or break to neck.

  5. Do not check pulse, unless you know exactly where to find it. Valuable time may be lost. No longer advised for human victims as well (CPR and American Hearth Association Journals).

  6. Straighten tongue if doubled back, protecting self from reflexive bite (even if animal unconscious).

  7. AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NOW DELETES THIS STEP IN HUMAN CPR - with updated emphasis on compressions as key in CPR resuscitation.

    Clear breathing passageways: Do not do a blind finger sweep. Look in mouth. Clear mucus, phlegm, vomit. Remove blockage carefully, don’t push in further. Animals have a deep throat bone at base of tongue (hyoid apparatus or Adam’s apple) that can be mistaken for blockage. Tugging can cause damage.

  8. To avoid bite by unconscious animal: Place a tape roll or something soft on one side of mouth before reaching in. Animals may bite down even when unconscious.

  9. If breathing, do not go further.

  10. Breathe mouth to snout or use cupped hand: Close animal’s mouth and breathe gently but firmly into nose (with mouth over nose or use air-tight cupped hand). Chest should rise-fall with each breath. After a breath, release your mouth to let lungs deflate.

    ▪ If nose is congested: Hold nose shut with one finger.
      Blow into mouth, hold sides of mouth air-tight.

    ▪ If breath still no breath: Do Heimlich Maneuver.

  11. Breaths should be 1 per every 2-3 seconds or 20-30 breaths per minute. Amount of air must fit the size of animal — just enough for chest to rise and fall.

  12. If animal breathes, do not continue. Further forced breathing or CPR could hurt animal.

  13. If not breathing, repeat process until a passage is clear. A passage must be clear for breathing/chest compression (CPR) cycle to work.

2 BREATHS (1 each 2 seconds - based on size)
+ 5 COMPRESSIONS (in about 2-3 seconds)

    • Animal should lie on his or her right side.
    • Put heel of one hand (use fingers for small animal) on rib cage where middle of animal’s foreleg touches chest when folded.
    • RATE: Do 2 breaths (1 every 2 seconds) + 5 compressions (in about 2-3 seconds).

  2. Be aware of size of animal while doing compressions: You are massaging the heart, not pushing it out of place.

  3. If you feel pulse return: Continue with breaths only until the animal breathes on his or her own.

  4. Or continue breathing and chest compression until signs of life or self breathing.

4. required: vaccinations
Vaccinations are advised for all responders — with some mandatory for overseas deployments. Please stay current on basic vacs. Kinship Circle will inform you of vaccinations pertinent to a region. Always see a health-care provider or Travel Medicine Clinic before international deployment.


  • DPT — Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus
  • MMR — Measles, Mumps, Rubella
  • Polio
  • Hepatitis A10 — Transmitted via flood sewage
  • Hepatitis B11 — Spread via bodily fluids, blood
  • Typhoid — If in SE Asia or regions with known outbreak
  • Rabies Pre-Exposure Immunization — Doesn’t replace post-bite rabies shots, but buys time to reach medical facility
  • H1N1
  • Flu

volunteer to-do & pack list
This is a comprehensive checklist that should be modified to suit disaster zone destination, weather conditions, medical concerns, visa and passport, etc.


  • CELL PHONE: Activate int'l calling with your provider.

  • ELECTRICAL ADAPTORS: Research and buy plug adaptors to use your laptop, phone charger, personal items…in disaster-hit country. List of Countries & Plug Adapters Required

  • INTERNET COMMUNICATION: Determine if internet requires adapative device such as a USB AIRCARD or WI-FI UNIT with SIM CARD programmed for destination country.

  • DOWNLOAD SKYPE: Kinship Circle meets with team members pre and during deployments via Skype, free long distance on your laptop. If you have Skype, send request to Kinship Circle to be added as a contact. If not, download Skype free version.

  • PASSPORT: You need a CURRENT passport that is valid at least 6 months after your travel date.

  • VISA: Contact regional consulate for to find out if and what type entry visa is required.
    • Find Foreign Consular Offices in the USA
    • Find Foreign Consulates If You Are Not U.S. Citizen

  • DRIVER’S LICENSES — INTERNATIONAL & LOCAL: You are required to carry both an international driver's license and a driver's license from your home state/province. Find Triple AAA offices near you to easily obtain an int'l driver's license.

  • VACCINATIONS: Ensure routine vaccinations are current. Before travel, go to a Travel Medicine Clinic for vacs and antibiotics needed for destination country.

  • CURRENCY EXCHANGE: ATMS are in most major cities abroad. Always travel with money for emergencies, meals, gas, etc. Visit your local bank for cash conversion. Use a currency converter to find out exchange rate for destination country.

  • CALLING CODES: Find codes to dial internationally from your home country to the disaster-hit country. Or vice-versa, to call from disaster-hit country to USA, etc. Int'l codes + city and cellular codes, phone books.

  • CULTURAL ETIQUETTE, WEATHER, ETC: There are many details related to deployment abroad. Kinship Circle only conducts int'l aid if aligned with animal NGOs in the disaster-stricken country. For information about weather conditions; health-food safety; animal policies…begin with embassy websites:
    • Embassy for disaster-hit country, where you live.
    • Your country's embassy in disaster-hit country.

  • Band-Aid Activ-Flex Adhesive Bandages
  • Band-Aid Tough-Strips Bandages, Extra Large
  • UltraHeal Multi-Day Dressing 2-3/4in x 3-1/2in
  • Band-Aid Advanced Healing Blister, Cushions Mole Skin
  • Sports Tape Roll, 1.5in x 360in
  • Gauze Roll and Gauze Pads
  • Q-Tips, Cotton Swabs
  • Hydrogen Peroxide Pump Spray 4-oz first aid kit size
  • Iodine Pump Spray 4-oz first aid kit size
  • Rubbing Alcohol Pump Spray 4-oz first aid kit size
  • Neosporin Plus Pain Relief, Maximum Strength Antibiotic Cream
  • Aquaphor Healing Ointment
  • Imodium Advanced Multi-Symptom Relief Caplets
  • Small Scissors
  • Pure Saline Solution For Eye Flush
  • Ibuprofin, Advil, Tylenol
  • Electrolyte Drink Packs Such As: Gatorade G2 Powder Sticks, Gatorade Perform 02 Powder Packets G

  • Personal Prescription & Over-Counter Medications
  • Hand Sanitizer Flip Top Bottle
  • Sterile Baby Wipes
  • Antibacterial Body Wash
  • Vicks Petroleum Jelly, under nose to mute smells
  • Skin Insect Repellent With: DEET, Picaridin (KBR 3023), Oil of Lemonn Eucalyptus/PMD, or IR3535
  • Permethrin-Containing Insect Repellent For: Netting, Linens, Indoor Settings, Clothes
  • Mosquito net
  • Sun Block SPF 30
  • Sun Protection Hat
  • Lip Balm With Sun Block
  • Hydrocortisone 1% Anti-Itch Cream
  • Eye Protection: Sunglasses, Goggles
  • Eye Moisture Drops, like Aqua Tears
  • Contact Lenses, Storage-Sterilization Solution, Case
  • Eyeglasses & Neck Rope For Sun/Eyeglasses
  • Disposable Surgical Masks
  • Disposable Latex Gloves
  • Baby Powder, Athlete Foot Powder (for humidity)
  • Ear Plugs
  • Knee Pads
  • Toilet paper / Feminine Pads
  • Towels, Wash Cloths, Bed Sheets
  • Personal Toiletries: Soap, Shampoo, Conditioner, Brush/Comb, Hand Lotion, Hair Bands / Clips, Deodorant, Toothbrush / Paste, Small Hand Mirror…

  • 2-3 Kinship Circle Disaster Animal Response Tees
  • Soft Backpack (day trips and on plane)
  • Light Sturdy Long Sleeve Shirts
  • Jeans, Scrubs, Cargo Pants
  • Long Light Socks, Extra Socks (Wick-Dry®)
  • Cotton Underwear
  • Steel Toe Water Resistant Work Boots
  • Hip Waders Or Wading Boots
  • Change Of Shoes (comfortable shoes)
  • Shower Shoe (rubber thong)
  • Rain Gear
  • Bandanas
  • Belt And Fanny Pack (to hang small gear)
  • Waterproof Watch
  • Bite-Proof Gloves (thick work glove, durable)
  • Hardhat Or Helmet
  • Coat, Jacket Or Hooded Pullover (if cold)
  • GORE-TEX® Thinsulate Breathable Wear

  • Cell Phone And Charger
  • Laptop, Power Cord, USB Aircard, WI-FI Unit & SIM Card
  • Small And Large Flashlights
  • Batteries
  • Camera, Charger, USB Cord To Upload Photos
  • Notepad, Pens, Permanent Markers
  • Soft Back Journal
  • Maps Related To Deployment Area
  • GPS Programmed For Region
  • Translation Dictionary Or Electronic Translation App

  • Tent (2 person, 4 if possible)
  • Sleeping Bag, Sleeping Pad, Air Mattress Or Cot
  • Space Blanket, Pillow
  • Spare Tarp
  • Swiss Army Knife
  • Rope, Bungee Cords (various sizes), Carabiners
  • Zip Ties, Cable Ties
  • Carabiners
  • Duct Tape, Flagging Tape
  • Safety Pins
  • Superglue (if no suture kit)
  • Mess Kit, Utensils (fork, spoon, knife, cup)
  • 5 Gallon Fold-A-Carrier (folding water bag)
  • Matches (strike anywhere type)
  • Chlorox Bleach
  • Dish Soap, Laundry Soap, Pot Scrubber
  • Camelbak(R) All Clear UV Water Purifier
  • Water Purification Tablets
  • MRE-Type Camping Meals
  • Non-Perishable Snacks (granola/power bars)
  • Vegans, Vegetarians: Protein Bars
  • Multi-Vitamins
  • Electrolyte Drink Powder Packets
  • Peanut Butter (to eat or for dog traps)
  • Chewing Gum, Lifesavers
  • Salt Tablets

  • SLIP LEADS (there are never enough!)
  • Animal Meds, Vaccines
  • Ask for donations from veterinarians
  • Flat Collars
  • Write-On Snap Collars For ID
  • Catchpoles
  • Bite Gloves, Gauntlet Gloves
  • Collapsible Crates (that can pack for air travel)
  • Vet Wrap
  • Veterinary Diagnostic, Treatment Items Able To Pack

community, county, state animal aid
Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) teaches disaster preparedness and trains in basic disaster response skills, such as fire safety, light search and rescue, team organization, and disaster medical operations. Training enables CERT members to assist others in their neighborhood or workplace when professional responders are not immediately available. CERT, Citizens Emergency Response Teams

State Animal Response Teams (SART) are interagency organizations that prepare, plan, respond and recover during USA animal emergencies. SART programs train participants to facilitate a safe, environmentally sound and efficient response to animal crises at local, county, state and federal levels. Teams are organized under the auspices of state and local emergency management utilizing the principles of Incident Command System (ICS). SART - State Animal Response Teams

An animal emergency plan for any community requires an understanding of hazards, vulnerabilities and resources, plus development a coordinated animal emergency response plan.


  1. Independently trained volunteers with experience in disaster rescue, animal handling, sheltering, animal first aid, veterinary, photography and documentation, leadership skills.

  2. Flexibililty to travel to disaster zones for 1-2 weeks.

  3. Team players who follow FEMA Incident Command System and Kinship Circle protocol.

  4. Self-sustainability in rugged post-disaster settings.

  5. CLICK HERE to register as a volunteer for disasters.



     Kinship Circle
     Animal Disaster Aid Fund
     7380 Kingsbury Blvd.
     Saint Louis, MO 63130 USA
elective: large animal rescue
Links for Large Animal Rescue (LAR) training opportunities.

elective: search-rescue and fire
Links for Search-Rescue (SAR) & Fire training opportunities.


In USA wildland fire suppression, S-130/S-190 refers to the basic wildland fire training course required of all firefighters before they can work on the firelines.

more training resources

disaster acronyms & definitions
  • AAHA: American Animal Hospital Association
  • ACO:  Animal Control Officer
  • ACP:  Access Control Point
  • ADC:  Animal Disaster Committee
  • ADPAC:  Animal Disaster Planning Advisory Committee
  • AED:  Automated External Defibrillator
  • AERO:  Animal Emergency Response Organization (USDA)
  • ALERT:  Automated Local Evaluation in Real Time
  • ANAD:  Anniston Army Depot
  • ANS:  Alert and Notification System
  • APG:  Aberdeen Proving Ground
  • APHIS:  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA)
  • APPMA:  American Pet Products Manufacturing Association
  • AR:  Animal Response
  • ARC:  American Red Cross
  • ARDA:  American Rescue Dog Association
  • ARES:  American Radio Emergency Service
  • AVMA:  American Veterinary Medical Association
  • AVMF:  American Veterinary Medical Foundation

  • BGAD:  Blue Grass Army Depot

  • CAP:  Civil Air Patrol
  • CART:  County Animal Response Team
  • CB:  Citizens Band
  • CDC:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • CEM:  Certified Emergency Manager
  • CEO:  Chief Executive Official
  • CERCLA:  Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act
  • CERT:  Community Emergency Response Team
  • CFR:  Code of Federal Regulations
  • CHEMTREC:  Chemical Manufacturers’ Association Chemical Transportation Emergency Center
  • COAD:  County Organizations Active in Disaster
  • CPG:  Civil Preparedness Guide
  • CPR:  Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
  • CSEPP:  Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program

  • DART: Disaster Animal Response Team
  • DAT:  Disaster Action Team (American Red Cross)
  • DFO:  Disaster Field Office
  • DMAT:  Disaster Medical Assistance Team
  • DOD:  U.S. Department of Defense
  • DOE:  U.S. Department of Energy
  • DOT:  U.S. Department of Transportation
  • DRC:  Disaster Recovery Center
  • DWI:  Disaster Welfare Information

  • EAS: Emergency Alert System
  • ECL:  Emergency Classification Level
  • EMA:  Emergency Management Agency
  • EMAC:  Emergency Management Assistance Compact
  • EMI:  Emergency Management Institute
  • EMP:  Electromagnetic Pulse
  • EMS:  Emergency Medical Services
  • EOC:  Emergency Operating Center
  • EOP:  Emergency Operations Plan
  • EPA:  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • EPCRA:  Emergency Planning/Community Right-to-Know Act
  • EPG:  Emergency Planning Guide
  • EPI:  Emergency Public Information
  • EPZ:  Emergency Planning Zone
  • ERT:  Emergency Response Team
  • ERT-A:  Emergency Response Team Advance Element
  • ERT-N:  Emergency Response Team National
  • ESF:  Emergency Support Function: An aspect of a disaster or emergency response assigned to a particular agency for management. The National Response Plan (NPR) organizes tasks by ESF. (ESF #11 includes the animal response).
    ESF #1 - Transportation
    ESF #2 - Communications
    ESF #3 - Public Works and Engineering
    ESF #4 - Firefighting
    ESF #5 - Emergency Management
    ESF #6 - Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services
    ESF #7 - Resource Support
    ESF #8 - Public Health and Medical Service
    ESF #9 - Urban Search and Rescue
    ESF #10 - Oil and Hazardous Materials Response
    ESF #11 - Agriculture and Natural Resources
    ESF #12 - Energy
    ESF #13 - Public Safety and Security
    ESF #14 - Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation
    ESF #15 - External Affairs

  • EST:  Emergency Support Team

  • FAsT: Field Assessment Team
  • FCO:  Federal Coordinating Officer
  • FEMA:  Federal Emergency Management Agency
  • FHBM:  Flood Hazard Boundary Map
  • FIA:  Federal Insurance Administration
  • FIRM:  Flood Insurance Rate Map
  • FIS:  Flood Insurance Study
  • FOG:  Field Operations Guide
  • FPEIS:  Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement
  • FRERP:  Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan
  • FRP:  Federal Response Plan

  • GAR:  Governor’s Authorized Representative
  • GIS:  Geographic Information System
  • GPS:  Global Positioning System

  • HAZMAT:  Hazardous Material
  • HHS:  US Department of Health and Human Services
  • HRCQ:  Highway Route Controlled Quantity
  • HSUS:  Humane Society of the United States

  • IAEM:  International Association of Emergency Managers
  • IAP:  Incident Action Plan
  • IC:  Incident Commander
  • ICP:  Incident Command Post
  • ICS:  Incident Command System
  • IMS:  Incident Management System (Incident Command System)
  • IRZ:  Immediate Response Zone
  • IS:  Independent Study (through FEMA)

  • JIC:  Joint Information Center
  • JIS:  Joint Information System
  • JNACC:  Joint Nuclear Accident Coordinating Center

  • LAR:  Large Animal Rescue
  • LEPC:  Local Emergency Planning Committee

  • MOU:  Memorandum of Understanding
  • MPH:  Miles Per Hour
  • MSDS:  Material Safety Data Sheet

  • NAAP:  Newport Army Ammunition Plant
  • NACA:  National Animal Control Association
  • NAHEMS:  Nat’l Animal Health Emergency Management System
  • NARSC:  National Animal Rescue and Shelter Coalition
  • NASAR:  National Association for Search and Rescue
  • NCAD:  National Conference on Animals in Disaster
  • NCP:  National Oil & Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan
  • NDA:  National Defense Area
  • N-DART:  National Disaster Animal Response Team
  • NDMS:  National Disaster Medical System
  • NEMA:  National Emergency Management Association
  • NFA:  National Fire Academy
  • NFIP:  National Flood Insurance Program
  • NFPA:  National Fire Protection Association
  • NGO:  Non-Government Organization
  • NIFC:  National Interagency Fire Center
  • NIMS:  National Incident Management System
  • NOAA:  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • NRC:  Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Nat’l Response Center
  • NRP:  National Response Plan (was Federal Response Plan)
  • NRT:  National Response Team
  • NUREG:  Nuclear Regulation
  • NVOAD:  National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster
  • NWS:  National Weather Service

  • OPA:  Oil Pollution Act
  • OSC:  On-Scene Coordinator
  • OSHA:  U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  • PA: Public Address
  • PAZ:  Protective Action Zone
  • PBA:  Pine Bluff Arsenal
  • PDA:  Preliminary Damage Assessment
  • PIO:  Public Information Officer
  • PL:  Public Law
  • PPA:  Performance Partnership Agreement
  • PUDA:  Pueblo Depot Activity
  • PZ:  Precautionary Zone

  • RACES:  Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service
  • RAP:  Radiological Assistance Program
  • REACT:  Radio Emergency Associated Communication Team
  • REP:  Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program
  • ROC:  Regional Operating Center
  • ROD:  Record of Decision
  • RRP:  Regional Response Plan

  • SAME:  Specific Area Message Encoder
  • SARA:  Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act
  • SART:  State Animal (or Agricultural) Response Team
  • SCO:  State Coordinating Officer
  • SEMA:  State Emergency Management Agency
  • SEOC:  State Emergency Operations Center
  • SERC:  State Emergency Response Commission
  • SLG:  State and Local Guide
  • SOP:  Standard Operating Procedure
  • SORT:  Special Operations Response Team
  • SOU:  Statement of Understanding
  • SPCA:  Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

  • TAR:  Technical Animal Rescue
  • TEAD:  Tooele Army Depot

  • UMDA:  Umatilla Depot Activity
  • USDA:  U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • USGS:  U.S. Geological Survey
  • USAR:  Urban Search and Rescue

  • VMAT:  Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams
  • VOAD:  Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster

  • WMD:  Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • (Warfare Agents) CBRNE:  Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive – warfare agents

AFTERSHOCKS: Lesser tremors which occur after an initial earthquake. These tremors can begin within minutes, hours, or days of initial shock, depending on severity of the quake.

BLIZZARD: An intense, severe snowstorm with sustained freezing winds of 35 miles per hour or more.

COASTAL FLOOD: Flooding in low-lying coastal areas from tropical or winter storms, combined with effects of tides, waves and wind. May cause extensive erosion and property damage. Flooding can occur even if storm is not a direct threat to affected area. Coastal residents should consult storm surge maps to determine risk to their property.

CYCLONES: Violent tropical storms located in the southern hemisphere, with winds rotating in a clockwise direction and reaching a sustained speed of 74 mph or more near its center.

DISASTER: Any natural, technological, or civil event that causes injuries, deaths or property damage of sufficient magnitude to disrupt essential functions and services (i.e., water supply, electrical power, sanitation systems, roads, communication and hospitals) of a community. Smaller events may also be classified as disasters.

EMERGENCY: An event that causes injury or property damage beyond capability of victim(s) to handle without aid.

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT: Process of preparing for, mitigating, responding to, and recovering from an emergency or disaster.

EPICENTER: Location on the earth’s surface directly above an earthquake’s first tremor (focus).

EYE (of a hurricane): Relatively calm area at center of the storm where winds are light and the sky may be clear. Intense storm conditions may be experienced 12 hours or longer before the eye actually makes landfall. When the eye passes, the winds come in the opposite direction.

FAULT/FAULT LINE: A fracture in the earth’s crust accompanied by displacement of the two sides of the fracture.

FLASH FLOOD: Flood with almost no onset time. Swift waters pose significant threat to lives and property due to inability to mitigate or evacuate. Generally from heavy rainfall, dam or levee failures.

FUJITA-PEARSON SCALE: A categorical method which indicates the intensity (wind-speed) of a tornado:
F0: Gale tornado — 40-72 mph
F1: Moderate tornado — 73-112 mph
F2: Significant tornado — 113-157 mph
F3: Severe tornado — 158-206 mph
F4:Devastating tornado — 207-260 mph
F5:Incredible tornado — 261-318 mph
F6:Inconceivable tornado — 319-379 mph

GALE: Winds with sustained speeds of 39 - 73 mph.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS: Any substance that has potential to cause damage to environment or population if released. Substances are usually identified as either flammable or combustible, explosive, toxic, noxious, corrosive, oxidizable, irritants or radioactive.

HURRICANE: Violent tropical storm located in the northern hemisphere, with winds rotating counter-clockwise and reaching a sustained speed of 74 miles per hour or more near its center. Size of storm can range from 50 to 1000 miles in diameter and may be accompanied by coastal storm surge and inland flooding, heavy rains, severe lightning, tornadoes. See Saffir-Simpson Scale.

INCIDENT COMMAND SYSTEM: System to organize and coordinate the field response to an emergency or disaster.

MITIGATION: Process of planning and preparation for disaster prevention or minimizing severity of its impact.

PREPAREDNESS: Activities to enhance abilities of people, communities, and businesses to better respond to a disaster.

PRIMARY AGENCY: Agency or organization assigned primary responsibility to manage and coordinate a specific ESF. Primary agencies are designated on basis of resources, capabilities or expertise. They are responsible for overall planning and coordination with their support agencies and other ESFs.

RECOVERY: Activities associated with orderly restoration and rehabilitation of persons and property affected by disasters.

RESPONSE: Activities during and after a disaster that use all systems, plans and resources necessary to preserve health, safety and welfare of victims and property affected by disaster, with emphasis on emergency needs and essential community services.

RICHTER SCALE: An exponential scale used to measure the magnitude of an earthquake. (Because of the logarithmic basis of the scale, each whole number increase in magnitude represents a tenfold increase in measured amplitude.)
Less than 2.0/Micro: Micro earthquakes, not felt.
2.0-2.9/Very minor: Generally not felt, but recorded.
3.0-3.9/Minor: Often felt, but rarely causes damage.
4.0-4.9/Light: Indoor items shake, rattling noise. Like passing truck.
5.0-5.9/Moderate: Major damage to poorly constructed buildings over small regions; slight damage to well-designed buildings.
6.0-6.9/Strong: Destructive in populated areas up to 100 miles wide.
7.0-7.9/Major: Serious damage over larger areas.
8.0-8.9/Great: Serious damage in areas several 100 miles across.
9.0+/Rare Great: Devastating in areas several 1000 miles across.

SAFFIR-SIMPSON SCALE: Categorical method that indicates intensity (wind-speed) of a hurricane.
Category 1: Winds 74-95 mph (64-82 kt or 119-153 km/hr)
Category 2: Winds 96-110 mph (83-95 kt or 154-177 km/hr)
Category 3: Winds 111-130 mph (96-113 kt or 178-209 km/hr)
Category 4: Winds 131-155 mph (114-135 kt or 210-249 km/hr)
Category 5: Winds greater than 155 mph (135 kt or 249 km/hr)

SEVERE WEATHER: Strong thunderstorms, frequent lightning, high wind gusts and heavy rainfall, tied with an identified weather system.

SEVERE WINTER STORMS: Heavy snow, ice, freezing rain, and winds with sustained speeds of less than 35 mph.

SQUALL/SQUALL LINE: Strong winds tied with thunderstorms that sustain peak speeds over period of two or more minutes, then decrease rapidly. Squall lines may precede intense storms.

STORM SURGE: A dome of water forced onto shore in advance of approaching intense storm. Combined with wind-driven wave action, a storm surge can be deadly and cause extensive property damage. Storm surges at high tide are of particular concern. Residents in surge areas should evacuate immediately when advised to do so.

SUPPORT AGENCY: Organization or agency designated to assist primary agency with available resources, capabilities, or expertise to accomplish mission of the ESF response and recovery operations under coordination of primary agency.

TECHNOLOGICAL HAZARD: A range of hazards emanating from manufacture, transportation, and use of hazardous materials, such as radioactive substances, chemicals explosives, flammables; pesticides, herbicides and disease agents; oil spills on land, coastal waters on inland water systems; and debris from space.

TORNADO: Violent, whirling windstorm that can reach 300 mph or more. Identified by a funnel-shaped cloud that progresses in a narrow path over land. A waterspout is a tornado that occurs over water.

TROPICAL STORM: A storm with sustained winds of 39 to 73 miles per hour. If winds increase to 74 mph, storm is classified as hurricane.

TSUNAMI: An ocean wave produced by a sub-marine earthquake, landslide, or volcanic eruption. These waves may reach enormous dimensions and have sufficient energy to travel across entire oceans.

TYPHOON: The term used for hurricanes east of the International Date Line (i.e., the western Pacific).

WEATHER ADVISORY: A regularly scheduled public news release issued by the National Weather Service providing details on a continuing weather event. Details include location, intensity, direction, and speed of movement of the event.

WARNING: Public news release issued by National Weather Service for a severe weather event underway or imminent (24 hours or less) in specified area. Of utmost importance to take precautionary measures and actions immediately for protection of life and property.

WATCH: National Weather Service public news release that advises conditions are present for possible development of a severe weather condition within specified area. Preliminary disaster preparations should begin immediately and television, radio, and/or weather alert radio should be monitored for additional information and updates.

SOURCE: FEMA SLG 101: Guide, All-Hazard Emergency Operations
and NDART Library

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Animal Advocacy  |  Education  |  Disaster Aid  •  •
314-795-2646  |  7380 Kingsbury Blvd  |  Saint Louis, MO 63130 USA

●  Federal 501c3 under U.S. IRS ruling, Public Charity Status: 170b1Avi
●  Tax Employee Identification Number (EIN) available upon request
●  Nonprofit Certificate of Incorporation, Charter: N00071626