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ACT: Infants In Agony - UW Maternal Deprivation Tests, Again



BACKGROUND
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Cruelty For The Sake Of Curiosity
University Of Wisconsin: Infant monkeys are taken from mothers within 24 hours of birth. To create "adverse rearing conditions," they're isolated with a live snake and later, a cloth- draped "surrogate peer." Human Intruder enactments purposely traumatize them. Fear is not a byproduct, but the very goal of deprivation tests during brain development. The monkeys endure brain scans and spinal taps, before killed to dissect their brains.

When Harry Harlow first subjected infant monkeys to his infamous "Well Of Despair" a half century ago, he disgraced UW. These studies did not advance medical treatment then or now. Artificial rupture of the mother-baby bond is already well documented. Any perceived need for more data is overshadowed by the unethical character of the tests.

Among mammals, baby primates are especially dependent upon mothers for psychological health. To rob them of any sense of self, then kill them, is animal desecration and exploitation at its worst.

TAKE ACTION: Ask university review committees, lab veterinarians, related staff and administration to select, or promote, the only practical alternative: Permanently end maternal deprivation tests.

For more information check: UW Not In Our Name — a coalition of alumni/students of UW- Madison and other UW system schools — and Madison-based Alliance for Animals.
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Dear University Of Wisconsin IACUC Personnel and Animal Research Faculty:

"Animal Research at University of Wisconsin-Madison" states that students, faculty and scientists engaged in animal experimentation believe their work is ethical when executed under "strict regulation, in situations where practical alternatives do not exist."

I respectfully submit a practical alternative to UW’s maternal deprivation tests: Permanently end them. Here is why:

  • They are profoundly cruel. Fear is not a byproduct, but the very goal of adverse-rearing deprivation tests during brain development. Infant monkeys are taken from mothers within 24 hours of birth. Twenty young monkeys are exposed to a live snake. Monkeys are isolated with a cloth-draped item (surrogate peer) for as long as six weeks before joined with another similarly isolated infant. Human intruder enactments are performed to traumatize them. All monkeys are killed to dissect their brains.

  • They are redundant and without scientific merit. UW states that animal research is essential for human disease/disability treatments and promotion of health/safety for animals, people and environment. A decade-long National Institutes of Health study concluded that isolated infant monkeys self-mutilate. Adverse response to maternal separation is already documented. Re-proving the same basic paradigm does not advance health/safety treatments.

  • Taxpayer dollars spent on the neurobiology of fear in primates waste money and time. Among mammals, primate infants are unusually dependent upon mothers for psychological health. One need only look to young monkeys at a primate sanctuary (rescued from real, not staged, adverse conditions) to gain insight. Yet UW’s Chair of the Psychiatry, Dr. Ned H. Kalin, hopes to top $5,075,798 spent (in 10 years alone) to note variations between dissected brains of mother-less monkeys versus mother-reared monkeys. [National Institutes of Health. Grant R01MH046729. Development and Regulation of Emotion in Primates.]

  • Any perceived need for more data is overshadowed by the unethical character of the tests. Institutional Animal Care & Use Committees (IACUCs) assess research protocols for adherence to the Animal Welfare Act. AWA amendments in 1985, along with Institute For Laboratory Animal Research guidelines from 1998, call for the "psychological well-being of captive nonhuman primates." The crux of maternal deprivation is to withhold these very requirements: "Appropriate social companionship; positive interactions with personnel that are not a source of unnecessary stress; freedom from unnecessary pain and distress."

    One presumes UW ACUCs have overwhelming incentive to seek exemption. Yet requested records reveal no compelling justification. The public sees only that ACUC personnel failed to reject controversial protocols known to inflict severe suffering.

When Harry Harlow subjected infant monkeys to his “Well of Despair” a half century ago, he disgraced the University of Wisconsin. Harlow’s tests even helped prompt AWA amendments in 1985. Comparable studies humiliate UW once again, and frankly, defy logic. I strongly encourage review committees to do their job, rather than grant consent for every animal study put forth for consideration. Please support the most practical alternative available: Permanently end maternal deprivation studies.

Thank you,

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full contact information

University of Wisconsin-Madison
RESEARCH ANIMAL RESOURCES CENTER (RARC)


WISCONSIN NATIONAL PRIMATE RESEARCH CENTER
www.primate.wisc.edu/wprc/faculty/
www.primate.wisc.edu/wprc/orgchart.html


More Research Animal Resources Center Contacts
PROTOCOL AND IACUC SERVICES


ANIMAL HEALTH (LAB ANIMAL VETERINARIANS)

TRAINING, TECHNIQUE, AND ANIMAL HEALTH
spacer UW FACULTY WITH ANIMAL CARE AND USE COMMITTEES
animalresearch.wisc.edu/supporting-the-animal-care-program/

Institutional Official (IO)
University of Wisconsin-Madison
William Mellon, Associate Dean for Research Policy
Research Compliance
wsmellon@wisc.edu, 608-262-1044
SOURCE: animalresearch.wisc.edu/supporting-the-animal-care-program
www.primate.wisc.edu/wprc/orgchart.html


Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs)
University of Wisconsin-Madison / Under the umbrella of the All-Campus Animal Care and Use Committee, UW-Madison maintains five Animal Care and Use Committees:

  1. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES (CALS)
    Animal Care and Use Committee
    CALS Research Division, 240 Agricultural Hall
    1450 Linden Drive
    Madison, WI 53706
    608-265-3092, fax: 608-265-9534
    research@cals.wisc.edu
    SOURCE: www.cals.wisc.edu/Research/

    DEPARTMENT CHAIRS
    cals.wisc.edu/about- cals/administration/cals-committees

    Kathryn VandenBosch, Dean and Director of CALS
    kvandenbosch@cals.wisc.edu, 608-262-4930

    Richard Lindroth, Associate Dean for Research
    lindroth@wisc.edu, 608-262-6792

    Heidi Zoerb, Assistant Dean for External Relations and Advancement
    hezoerb@wisc.edu, 608-262-4849

    Carol Hillmer, Assistant Dean for Research
    Assistant Dean for Human Resources
    chillmer@cals.wisc.edu, 608-265-5495

    Birl Lowery, Senior Associate Dean
    blowery@wisc.edu, 608-262-9812

    Angela Seitler, Assistant Dean for Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station Research
    aseitler@cals.wisc.edu, 608-261-1432

    SOURCE: cals.wisc.edu/Research/staff/index.php?3?Cp8
    cals.wisc.edu/about- cals/administration/dean

  2. GRADUATE SCHOOL
    www.rarc.wisc.edu/acuc/gradschool.html

    Dr. Ricki Colman, Senior Scientist, ACUC Chair
    Wisconsin National Primate Research Center
    blowery@wisc.edu, 608-263-3544

    Dr. Donna Paulnock, Biological Sciences
    paulnock@wisc.edu
    SOURCE: www.primate.wisc.edu/wprc/orgchart.html

  3. COLLEGE OF LETTERS AND SCIENCE
    www.rarc.wisc.edu/acuc/l_s.html

    The L&S ACUC provides oversight of eight animal facilities, including the Harlow Primate Laboratory. The research represented in the Animal Care Program includes ecological, behavioral, and biomedical studies. The College has initiated plans to apply for AAALAC accreditation.

    Dr. Craig Berridge, ACUC Chair
    Biology of Brain and Behavior / Perception
    berridge@wisc.edu, 608-265-5938
    Harlow Center For Biological Psychology
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    22 North Charter Street
    Madison, WI 53715-2613
    608-263-3550, fax: 608-262-6020
    SOURCE: glial.psych.wisc.edu/index.php/psychsplashfacstaff

    Dr. Christopher Coe, Director
    Biology of Brain and Behavior
    Harlow Center For Biological Psychology
    ccoe@wisc.edu, 608-263-3550
    SOURCE: glial.psych.wisc.edu/index.php/psychsplashfacstaff

  4. SCHOOL OF MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH
    www.rarc.wisc.edu/acuc/smph.html

    The SMPH ACUC oversees the largest of the UW-Madison Animal Care Programs. That oversight encompasses seven campus animal facilities and three off-campus facilities. More than 50% of all ACUC-approved protocols are based within the School. Daily operations oversight of the facilities is centralized under Laboratory Animal Resources (LAR).

    Laboratory Animal Resources
    2069 Medical Sciences Center
    1300 University Avenue
    Madison, WI 53706
    608-263-6466, fax: 608-263-6463

    Dr. Daniel J. Uhlrich, ACUC Chair
    Associate Vice Chancellor
    Graduate School, Research Compliance
    School Of Medicine and Public Health
    Department Of Neuroscience
    University of Wisconsin-Madison
    327 Bascom Hall, 500 Lincoln Drive
    Madison, WI 53706
    mailduhlrich@wisc.edu
    608-262-1044, 608-262-8465
    SOURCE: wisc.edu/directories/person.php?name=DANIEL+J+UHLRICH

    Tom Kenney, Director, Laboratory Animal Resources
    School Of Medicine and Public Health
    Medical School Research Support Programs
    2093 Medical Sciences Ctr, 1300 University Avenue
    Madison, WI 53706
    tkenney@lar.wisc.edu
    608-265-5263, cell: 608-219-1672
    SOURCE: wisc.edu/directories/person.php?name=THOMAS+W+KENNEY

  5. SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
    www.rarc.wisc.edu/acuc/svm.html
    The SVM ACUC oversees a program that encompasses two campus animal facilities and three off-campus facilities. Daily operations oversight of the facilities is primarily centralized under Animal Resources Center (ARC).

    Dr. Michael Collins, ACUC Chair
    Professor, School Of Veterinary Medicine
    Department of Pathobiological Sciences
    University of Wisconsin
    School of Veterinary Medicine
    4472 Veterinary Medicine Building
    2015 Linden Drive
    Madison, WI 53706
    mcollin5@wisc.edu, 608-262-8457
    SOURCE: wisc.edu/directories/person.php?name=MICHAEL+COLLINS


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